Never Underestimate How The US Secondary Education System Works

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The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, created in 1948, affirmed that every child would be granted the right to basic fundamental education. This type of education was defined as education provided in primary schools.

The Convention on the Rights of the Child, created in 1989, declared that primary school education would be free yet mandatory for all children.

The Secondary School Education System

Children begin their schooling career at a very young age, usually around age five or six. It is at this age at which they begin their primary school career. This is when they must successfully complete five years of primary school. After this, primary scholars then move up to secondary or high school for six years.

Secondary school begins in Grade Six and ends with Grade Twelve. Upon graduation from Grade Twelve, students receive a high school diploma. High school students cannot apply to any college or university without a high school diploma.

To qualify for a high school diploma, students are required to take mandatory school subjects. They also have the option to choose additional subjects from Grade Ten onwards.

Compulsory School Subjects

The mandatory subjects include; English, Mathematics, Social Sciences, Science, Wellness Courses, and Physical Education. The schools, both public and private, which offer these subjects include Junior School, Senior School, and High School.

Mathematics mandatory subjects include algebra, geometry, calculus, and/or trigonometry. Social Sciences includes mandatory learning of American History. The Wellness Course teaches students about life orientation, first aid, basic anatomy, sex education, and much more.

Compulsory Subject Choices

The minimum core subjects which students have to take include a variety of different areas of study.


The areas of chosen studies include journalism, public speaking, foreign languages, literature, drama, and writing.


Areas of chosen studies include pre-algebra, algebra I, algebra II, and geometry.


Students have a choice of studying biology, chemistry, physics, geology, anatomy, astronomy, health science, environmental science, and forensic science.

Social Science

The mandatory areas of study in this subject are World History and U.S. History. Other choices of study include government, economics, law, criminal justice, sociology, and psychology.

Every child should not be denied the right to education in the United States of America. Everyone has dreams of a fulfilling a long and successful career. This cannot be achieved if access to education is denied.

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